Fruit trees Producing your fruit is very rewarding and with all the different ways to get it, there will be a fruit tree that will be adapted to your garden. Do not hesitate to visit the local nurseries to see what they offer.
Dwarf fruit trees or patio fruit trees are ideal for small gardens.
To get a beautiful garden, if you need a little shade and if you have room, think of growing fruit trees against a fence or a wall because, in addition to the shade, you can take advantage of fruits from your garden.
Know that growing fruit trees is easy; just follow these quick tips to get the most out of your tree.
When you receive a fruit tree, it will arrive in an inactive state, as this is the perfect time for transportation and planting. Try to plant fruit trees as soon as possible, do not wait. On the other hand, if planting is not immediately possible, you will need to soak your fruit trees with the bare roots in a bucket of half-filled water to moisten the roots and maintain it, then place it in a cool place free of gel. The tree will remain in good condition for about a week.
Grow your fruit trees in a sunny and protected place, make sure that the soil is of good quality and that it is well-drained. Adding compost will greatly improve your soil. Make sure you have enough room for your tree to comfortably grow and grow in the years to come.
Dig a generously-sized hole at least a third wider than the roots. Put in a stake before putting the roots in order not to damage them afterward. Spread the roots in the hole, making sure the tree is at the same level as it was planted in the nursery (the soil mark on the stem should be obvious). Attach the tree to the stake making sure that the tree does not rub against the stake. Fill the hole with the soil remaining around the roots and gently pack the soil with the sole of your shoe.
Watering fruit trees
Water your fruit trees carefully after planting and make sure the tree is well watered during its first year until it is well established. A nutritious supplement or a balanced fertilizer will help promote healthy growth. Regularly check the tree links and loosen them if necessary to avoid rubbing them on the stem. The stake can be removed after two years.
When growing fruit trees in pots, use a large container and compost. Plants placed in containers will require more frequent watering than those grown in the ground.
Tips for planting fruit trees
To ensure effective watering, insert a piece of plastic pipe with holes drilled on the sides, reaching from the base of the roots just above ground level. This should be put in place when planting the tree to channel the water to where it is needed while minimizing the problem of surface roots.
Fruit trees do not suffer too much from competition. Keep a square meter of soil around the tree completely free of grass and weeds. Mulch will help suppress weeds and conserve soil moisture. This is best if applied when the soil is moist in the spring. Keep the mulch away from the stem of the tree to prevent it from rotting.
Pruning fruit trees
The purpose of pruning a fruit tree is to create a well-formed tree, with well-spaced branches that are not overcrowded. This allows much more light to enter to ripen the fruit and promotes good air circulation which reduces the spread of possible diseases. It is important to have this image in mind from the start as this helps to avoid making mistakes later.
Pruning of apple and pear trees should be done during the winter months, between November and February, when the tree is at rest and it is easier to see the shape of the tree. If you are growing cherry, plum, apricot or peach trees, these should be pruned in the summer to reduce the risk of leaf disease.